Bowmanville Veterinary Clinic

2826 HWY 2
Bowmanville, ON L1C 3K5

(905)623-4431

www.bowmanvilleveterinaryclinic.com

F L E A S

There are over 2,000 species of flea.  The most common species we deal with is called the cat flea, but is found on both cats and dogs. Fleas are responsible for causing a variety of problems from itching and skin infections to allergic skin reactions and the spread of tapeworms.

LIFE CYCLE

The flea life cycle ranges from 16 days to 1 year.  The female lays her eggs on the pet following a blood meal, and may lay several hundred eggs in her lifetime.  These eggs fall off the pet to contaminate bedding, floors, carpets, etc. and the outside environment.  Eggs hatch in approximately 7 days and the larvae eat organic debris (mostly adult flea feces).  After 4 to 14 days they form a pupa and in as little as 14 or more days the pupa hatch in response to vibration and higher carbon dioxide levels in the household or environment.

The adult flea represents only a small percentage of the population in your home and environment as adults only live for 7 to 17 days.  The majority of the flea population that will be in your home is in the egg, larval and pupal stages.

Fortunately, only 5% of a flea infestation is on your pet……Unfortunately, the other 95% is in your home!

5% of fleas are typically present as adults on the pet and begin laying eggs 24-48 hours after finding a host.

95% of fleas are present as developing adults (50% eggs, 35% larvae and 10% pupae) and they can be found on your sofa, bed, carpets and other places throughout your home.  They can continue to hatch out for up to one year.  Therefore, treating a flea infestation can take up to one year.

 

TREATING YOUR PET

 

SIMPARICA (Tablets)        OUR #1 CHOICE FOR FLEA AND TICK PREVENTION

  • kills fleas and ticks
  • a tasty chewable tablet given every month; year round
  • comes in a package of 3 chews
  • broadest tick coverage on label

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SENTINEL (Tablets) (DOGS ONLY)       OUR #2 CHOICE FOR FLEA PREVENTION (AND INTESTINAL PARASITES) IN DOGS

  • prevents flea infestation and heartworm disease by killing the flea egg and also the immature form of heartworm in the bloodstream
  • helps keep intestinal parasites under control
  • the pet must have a negative heartworm test before giving the tablets, and should be tested yearly after that
  • give 1 tablet on the same day each month, (with a full mea)l, year round to prevent fleas, heartworm and intestinal parasites
  • if you are taking your pet south in the winter please contact our office about requirements for flea and heartworm prevention
  • all pets in the household must be treated

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REVOLUTION (Topical)      OUR #1 CHOICE FOR FLEA PREVENTION IN CATS                        

  • prevents flea infestation, heartworm disease, ear mites and a treatment of some internal and external parasites
  • apply contents of 1 tube onto the skin at the base of the neck between the shoulder blades once monthly year round
  • breaks the flea life cycle at 3 stages…effective against adult fleas, eggs and larvae
  • for the treatment and control of ear mites in cats and dogs
  • has been proven safe for adult dogs and cats as well as breeding dogs and cats and puppies and kittens six weeks of age or older
  • bathing or shampooing will not affect the product as long as bathing is done at least two hours after applying
  • the fur should be dry when Revolution is applied
  • your dog must have a negative heartworm test before applying, and should be tested yearly after that
  • all pets in the household must be treated

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ADVANTAGE MULTI (Topical)     for Treatment/Control (DOGS and CATS)

  • once monthly topical application for dogs and cats
  • for the treatment and control of roundworms and hookworms in cats and dogs
  • an aid in the treatment and control of the adult stage of whipworms in dogs
  • heartworm prevention in cats and dogs
  • your dog must have a negative heartworm test before applying and should be treated yearly after that
  • proven flea protection in dogs and cats (remains on the skin to kill adult fleas fast with no biting required)
  • for the treatment and control of ear mites in cats and dogs
  • for the treatment and control of sarcoptic mange mites in dogs
  • an aid in the treatment and control of generalized demodectic mange in dogs
  • shampooing or bathing 90 minutes after treatment does not reduce effectiveness in heartworm prevention
  • all pets in the household must be treated

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ADVANTAGE (Topical) For Treatment/Prevention (DOGS and CATS)

  • once monthly topical liquid for dogs or cats which distributes on the surface of the skin at the hair root level to kill adult fleas on contact
  • apply directly to the skin on the back of the neck, or in the case of large dogs also along the back
  • all pets in the household must be treated
  • shampooing of the pet may shorten the duration of  the flea protection, therefore, re-apply after shampooing
  • if re-treatment is necessary earlier than the four weeks, do not re-treat more than once weekly
  • do not use on nursing animals or pets under 8 weeks of age

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    CAPSTAR (Tablets) For Treatment (DOGS and CATS)

  • oral tablet
  • kills adult fleas starting within 15 minutes, kills 98% of adult fleas on the pet within 6 hours, 100% within 24 hrs
  • works by interfering with the nerve transmission of the flea
  • use twice weekly until you no longer see adult fleas
  • may be used as often as daily if required, does not affect your pet or humans
  • Capstar does not stay in the body for more than 24 to 48 hours
  • may be used in puppies and kittens over 4 weeks of age  and 1 kg body weight

READ PRODUCT INSERT FOR FULL INSTRUCTIONS AND CAUTIONS

 

 

If you have any questions about the products we recommend or about

"store bought" products, please don't hesitate to contact our office